Index

Index (of The Political Economy of U.S. Militarism, by Ismael Hossein-zadeh)

 

Abate, Tom, 183-84, 275n5

Abdel-Nasser, Jamal, 119-20

Abrams, Elliot, 143, 161

Acheson, Dean, 79, 120

Advisory Committee on Postwar Foreign Policy, 48-49

Allen, Richard V., 192

Al-Qaedeh, 26, 126, 164, 165, 243

AME Info, 230

American Enterprise Institute, 129, 130, 140, 143, 158, 160, 161, 237

Anholt, Simon, 232

Ante, Spencer, 198

anti-Semitism (and/or anti-Semites), 153, 166-69

Arms Trade Resource Center, 17, 194, 196

Armstrong, David, 151, 271n31

Armstrong, Karen, 104, 105, 111, 266n5

Aschauer, David A., 279n42

Ash, Timothy G., 36, 261n7

Atesoglu, Sonmez H., 217

Avnery, Uri, 112, 167, 172, 175, 177, 267n27, 273n67

“axis of evil,” 74, 76, 83, 89, 96, 116, 169

 

Bell, Charles, 277n3

Bamford, James, 126

Beams, Nick, 57, 262n22

Ben-Gurion, David, 152, 154, 157

Bennis, Phyllis, 277n8

“benign” (or “benevolent,” or neocolonial, or free-trade) imperialism

defined, 35, 55

rise of militarism (or military imperialism) and decline of, 59-74

Roosevelt, Franklin, D. on, 54

theory of, 55-59

U.K. and, 33-36

U.S. and, 40-51

vs. military imperialism (or militarism), 33-36, 56-59, 229-45

see also imperialism (empire)

Bergsten, Fred, 62

Berlin Wall, 30, 85, 86, 87, 88, 90, 126, 128, 146, 148, 238

Bichler, Shimshon, 156, 270n15

Bin Laden, Osama, 94, 163, 274n89

Bina, Cyrus, 270n13

Blumenthal, Michael, 64, 67, 236n34

Boeing, 15, 17, 130, 185, 189, 192, 194, 196

Bolton, John, 130, 143, 161

Borger, Julian, 185, 274n78

Bowman, Isaiah, 48

Bremmer, Paul, 21, 22

Bretton Woods monetary system, 50, 54, 60-61, 62, 64

Brian, Danielle, 181, 183

Brown, Harold, 191, 193, 208

Brzezinski, Zbigniew, 64

Buchanan, Patrick J., 166, 167, 173, 274n79, 280n65

Bush, George W. (Bush Jr.), 2, 9, 16, 23, 32, 71, 85, 87, 89, 125, 136, 149, 166, 221, 238

defining the mission of, 169-78

democracy/liberty and, 173-74

religion (Christian Right) and, 170-72

Business Week, 140, 141, 196, 198, 199, 211, 230, 233

 

Carter, Jimmy, 67, 70-72, 129, 166, 178, 210

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 13, 70, 71, 120, 131, 198

Center for Public Integrity, 189, 190, 194

Center for Security Policy, 130, 143, 159, 160, 161

Chalabi, Ahmed, 130

Cheney, Dick, 71, 85, 92, 128, 130, 132, 146, 147, 149, 150, 162, 170, 188

Christison, Bill, 89, 159, 265n28, 271n44

Chuckman, John, 115, 268n30,271n37

Churchill, Winston, 78, 80, 170

Ciarrocca, Michelle, 17, 132, 151, 194, 195, 196, 259n3

Clarke, Richard, 93, 125

“clash of civilizations” (the theory of the)  76, 99-102, 104, 109, 113, 115

dangers of, 101

neoconservative militarists and, 101

preemptive/preventive wars and, 101

World War IV and, 164-69

Clinton, Bill (President), 88, 128, 137, 140, 148, 149, 150, 161, 162, 166, 233, 236

Cohen, Benjamin V., 49

Cohen, Eliot, 132, 163, 165

Committee on the Present Danger (CPD), 22, 70-72, 81, 87, 145, 148, 225

Communism (“threat of),” 23, 69, 76-80, 90, 145, 151

Council on Foreign Relations (the), 41-53, 59, 63, 64, 82

designing Pax Americana (to supplant British imperialism), 40-54

origins, objectives, and social/class composition of, 42-43

Trilateral Commission and, 63-68

War and Peace Studies Project/groups of, 50, 63

Cox, James, 235

Crock, Stan, 198, 199

Cuba, 80,88,91

Cypher, James, 69, 70, 71, 83, 195, 196, 211, 219, 226, 259n4, 263n41, 264n49, 265n16

 

Defense (Department of, also Pentagon), 12, 13, 25, 183, 187, 202, 205, 206, 212

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), 202

Defense Planning Guidance, 128, 147, 149-50, 151

Defense Policy Board, 130, 143, 161, 189-94

DeGrasse, Robert, 216, 217, 276n1

Dekmejian, Hrair, 108, 267n16

Dollars & Sense (economic magazine), 259n4, 276n19, 277n13, 278n31

Du Boff, Richard, 216, 226

Dulles, John F., 79

Dumas, Lloyd J., 216, 276n1

 

Einstein, Albert, 152, 153, 271n37

Eisenhower, Dwight D., 7, 11, 132, 177, 200, 220, 227

Engelhardt, Tom, 23

England, Gordon, 16,  189

Esposito, John, 103, 109, 110, 267n8

Estabrook, G. C., 80

 

Fascism (and Nazis), 41, 168-69, 237n69

Feith, Douglas, 130, 131, 143, 161, 170, 188

Fleming, Denna F., 78, 264n4

Foley, Thomas S., 192

Fournier, Ron (of the Associated Press), 92, 269n2

Fukuyama, Francis, 7, 163, 255

Fulbright, William J, 15, 25, 208

 

G2mil: The Magazine of Future Warfare, 14, 206, 207

Garner, Jay (General), 21, 131

General Dynamics, 16, 132, 189, 213

Geyer, Georgie Anne, 116, 268n32

Goering, Hermann, 75

Gold, David, 217, 278n31, 280n68

Gonzales, Vince (of the CBS News), 184

Gordon, Michael R., 85

Grand Area (the), 44-48, 262n7

Grassley, Chuck (Senator), 182, 275n3

Gray, A. M. (General), 84, 265n19

Guardian, 30, 185

 

Halper, Stefan (and Jonathon Clarke), 142, 170, 270n25

Hartung, William, 17, 131, 132, 151, 188, 259n3, 269n5

Herbert Robert (of The New York Time), 224

Higgs, Robert, 205-06

Hitler, Adolf, 168-169, 170, 176

Hofstadter, Richard, 54, 262n19

Hossein-zadeh, Ismael, 262n24, 264n5, 267n15

Hudson, Michael, 261

Huntington, Samuel, 73, 99, 100, 143

Hussein, Mahmood, 120, 268n36

Hussein, Saddam, 71, 93, 95, 125, 130, 149, 161, 162, 163, 164, 170

 

Ikle, Fred, 73, 143, 161

imperialism (empire)

British, 33-36

economic/classic vs. cost-inefficient/parasitic, 3, 28-30, 90, 145

Roman, 28-29

U.S. vs. British and Roman empires, 29-37

see also “benign” imperialism

Institute for Policy Studies, 207

International Monetary Fund (IMF), 46, 50, 53, 84, 105

Iran (and Iranians), 1, 78, 83, 91, 102, 103, 104, 106, 110, 120, 131, 161, 163, 166, 175, 179, 231, 244, 270n19, 274n88

Iran-Libya Sanction Act (ILSA), 137-38

Iraq, 5, 19, 20-24, 88, 90, 91, 93, 95-96, 106, 109, 189, 191, 195, 198, 201, 227, 233, 235, 236, 244

Al-Qaedeh and, 126, 164

behind the invasion of, 125-80

Israeli lobby and the invasion of, 162-169; see also Israeli lobby

neoconservatives and the invasion of, 128-33

September 11, 2001 attacks and, 91, 126

Iron Triangle (the), see military-industrial complex

Israeli/Zionist lobby, 2, 5-6, 138, 168

invasion of Iraq and the, 162-69

military-industrial complex and the, 158-64

neoconservatives and, 160-69

Israeli-Palestinian conflict, 152-59

 

Jabotinsky, Ze’ev, 153

Jackson, Thomas L., 222

Jeremiah, David, 190, 193

Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, 130, 131, 140, 143, 159, 160, 161

Johnson, Chalmers, 12, 23, 25, 27, 86, 91, 114, 122, 259n1, 259n3, 266n35, 268n29

 

Kagan, Robert, 163, 272n57

Kautsky, Karl, 56-59, 237, 262n22; see also “ultra”-imperialism

Kennan, George, 78

Khalilzad, Zalmay, 143, 147, 161

Kinsley, Michael, 167

Klein, Naomi, 281n75

Krauthammer, Chares, 143, 163, 165, 237, 238

Kristol, William, 143, 161, 162, 163

Kutz, George, 183

 

Ladeen, Michael, 131, 143

Lenin, V. I. (on imperialism and “ultra”-imperialism), 56-59

Lens, Sidney, 26, 77, 96, 181, 187, 188, 259n1

Levy Economic Institute, 211

Lewis, Bernard, 165

Lobe, Jim, 168, 270n25, 279n56

Lockheed Martin, 16, 17, 130, 185, 188, 189, 192, 196, 197

Los Angeles Times, 151, 276n26

 

MacArthur, Douglas (General), 79

Mandel, Ernest, 229, 248, 255

Mandel, Michael J., 280n61

Mann, James, 146, 147, 150, 265n32

Manning, Bayless, 63

Marshall Plan (for the reconstruction of Europe), 50, 53, 82, 177

McNamara, Robert, 83

Melman, Seymour, 222, 224, 276n1

Meyer, Carlton, 14, 206, 207

Militarism

civilian vs. military, 20-22

civilian culture and ethos and, 23-26

defined, vs. military, 27

democratic rule undermined by, 16-18

dependence on war and the need for “external threats,” 18-20, 22-23

entertainment industry and, 24

evolution of, 27-31

hallmarks of, 16-26

impact on U.S. global markets, 230-36

influence on domestic and foreign policies, 22-23

influence on public opinion, 23-25

institutions of, 24-26

limits of, 247-57

neoliberalism (or neoliberal globalization) and, 229-45

news media and, 24-25

types of militarisms, 27-37

U.S. (rise of), 67-74

U.S. vs. old/past militarisms, 18-20

military bases, 12, 113, 148, 205, 244

military personnel (or forces, or deployment of), 12, 20, 218

military-industrial complex (also called the iron triangle), 11-26, 181, 187-99, 253

invasion of Iraq and, 144-52

Israeli lobby and (the military-industrial-Zionist alliance), 158-64

neoconservative think tanks and, 129-33

structure/organization of, 12-13

military spending (U.S.), 203-45

death/destruction and, 199-202

discretionary budget items and, 206-07

economic growth and, 208-13

employment and, 218-19

higher education and (the military-industrial-academic complex), 24-26

magnitude of, 205-08

private-sector investment and, 213-16

public capital (non-military public spending) and, 220-26

redistribution of national resources through, 226-29

Social Security Trust Fund and, 14, 203, 206, 219

spoils of, 187-99

technological innovation and, 211-13

war on terrorism and, 96-97

waste and inefficiency in, 181-87

weak/dubious arguments against, 213-20

Minnery, Jim, 184

Moore, Matt, 260n9

Muslim world (the) and/or Muslims,

diverse interpretations of Islam in, 108-10

Islamic fundamentalism (and religious fundamentalism in general), 110-16

modernization challenges and, 102-08

universal return to religion and, 116-19

U.S. (the) and, 119-22

World War IV and militant Islam, 164-69

 

Netanyahu, Benjamin, 161, 162

Nation (The), 160, 197

National Institute for Public Policy, 130, 140, 143, 152, 159

National Intelligence Estimate (NIE), 70

Neblett, William H. (Colonel), 76

neoconservatives (the cabal of),

Bush administration (the) and, 130-32

origins/affiliations of, 129-33, 142-43

“clash of civilizations” and, 100-01

invasion of Iraq and, 128-33

Israeli/Zionist lobby and, 160-69

militaristic lobbying think tanks and, 129-32, 143

military-industrial complex and, 129-33, 142-43

neoliberalism (or neoliberal globalization) and, 229-245

political philosophy and/or strategy of, 142, 163-69

New Deal (the), 4, 10, 52, 176, 177, 220, 221, 224, 225, 240, 247

New Yorker, 92

New York Times, 85, 195, 224

Nitzan, Jonathan, 156, 270n15

Nixon, Richard M. (“Nixon Shocks”), 61-63

Nordhaus, William D., 217

Norquist, Grover, 21

Northrop Grumman, 16, 17, 130, 131, 132, 188, 189, 192, 193, 194, 197, 199

 

oil/petroleum (role in the invasion of Iraq), 133-42

O’Neill, Paul, 92, 93, 125

Owens, William, 191, 193

 

Palast, Greg, 20-21, 260n17

Palestine/Palestinians, 101, 111, 121,152-160, 153, 154, 155, 163, 166, 167, 168, 178, 271n36; see also Israeli-Palestinian conflict

Pasvolsky, Leo, 49

Pax Americana, 51, 54, 262n17

“peace dividends,” 23,  81-83, 91, 127, 146, 156, 158, 194, 233

Pearl Harbor, 46, 47, 48

Pena, Charles V., 95

Pentagon; see Defense (Department of)

Pentagon spending; see military spending

Peretz, Martin, 143, 161, 163

Perle, Richard, 100, 130, 160, 161, 163, 189, 190

Pilisuk, Marc (and Neil Wollman), 244

Pinkerton, James P., 169, 273n70

Pipes, Daniel, 165

Podhoretz, Norman, 132, 143, 163, 165, 166, 167, 172

Point Four program, 50, 53

Politi, Daniel, 189, 194

Pollack, Kenneth, 143

Powell, Colin, 16, 84, 146, 150, 169, 175

Prather, Gordon, 259n2

Project for the New American Century, 129, 131, 140, 143, 152, 158, 162, 163

Proxmire William, 182, 185

 

Rabin, Yitzhak, 152, 155, 157

Raytheon, 189, 193, 194, 196, 197

Reagan, Ronald, 68, 72, 85, 87

Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA), 191, 195, 196

“revolving door” syndrome (in the context of the military-industrial complex), 187-99

Rhodes, Cecil (Lord), 77

Rice, Condoleezza, 92, 175

Riefler, Winfield W., 44, 80

Roberts, Kevin, 231

Roberts, Paul Craig, 166, 175, 259n2, 273n64, 274n85

Roche, James, 16, 132, 188

Rockefeller, David (and Foundation), 42, 64

Rockefeller Republicans, 95

“rogue states,” 81, 122

Roosevelt, Franklin D., 47, 51, 52-55, 59, 86, 176, 227, 240

Rove, Karl, 189

Rumsfeld, Donald H., 92, 128, 130, 131, 132, 139, 150, 151, 161, 162, 163, 184, 189

 

San Francisco Chronicle, 183, 260n6, 275n5

Scheuer, Michael, 93, 94, 126

Schlesinger, James, 191, 193

Schrader, Esther, 276n26

Schumpeter, Joseph, 75

Scowcroft, Brent, 95

September 11, 2001 (9/11) attacks, 23, 91, 92-95, 99, 100, 104, 105, 124, 125, 150, 159, 162, 163, 166, 171, 172, 195, 197, 265n31, 269n1, 269n2, 275n18

excuse/opportunity for war and militarism, 90-97, 162-64

“war on America” or criminal acts of mass murdering, 93-95

Shanahan, Jack, 184

Sheehan, Jack, 190, 191, 193

Silverstein, Ken, 197, 276n25

Smedley, Butler D., 125, 178, 199, 201, 257, 274n87

Smith, Dan, and Ron Smith, 277n19

Smith, Walter B. (General), 79

Snider, Brandon J., 96, 97, 266n37

Sontag, Susan, 166

Sorenson, Theodore, 83, 265n14

Soviet Union, 22, 23, 40, 44, 49, 51, 53, 56, 70, 71, 72, 73, 78, 80, 83, 86, 120, 157, 160

Spiers, Ronald I., 94, 95, 266n36

Soyster, Harry E., 198

Stalin, Joseph, 77, 78

Stephanapoulos, George, 148

Stockman, David, 225

Suskind, Ron, 93, 265n32

Swint, Howard, 89, 208, 276n30

Taguba, Antonio, 198

Team B (report), 71, 72

Teather, David, 185

Teets, Peter, 132, 188

Terrorism,

“de-contextualization” of, 100-01

instigating/manufacturing of, 89, 96-97

roots/explanations of, 94, 96-97, 141

Tobin, James, 277n2

Trilateral Commission (also Trilateralists/multilateralists), 63-69, 87, 148, 212, 224-25

Carter (administration) and, 67, 70-72

Council on Foreign Relations and, 63-68

economic policy/agenda of, 65-67

Rockefeller, David and, 64

unilateral militarists/nationalists vs., 68-74

Trotsky, Leon, 78, 264n8, 273n69

Truman, Harry S., 22, 39, 68, 70, 76-77, 80, 82, 120, 166, 210

 

“ultra”-imperialism, 56-59; see also Kautsky, Karl; and “benign” imperialism

United Nations (UN), 46, 51, 86, 152

Urban, Hugh, 170, 273n72

USA*ENGAGE, 234

USA Today, 235, 236

 

Vagts, Alfred, 20, 259n1

Vandenberg, Arthur (Senator), 77

Verlöy, André, 189, 194

Vidal, Gore, 89, 121, 122

Vietnam War (and Vietnam syndrome), 14, 69, 115, 129, 206, 218, 240, 263n41

Voll, John, 108, 110, 118, 119, 267n14

Vuno, Carl (General), 83

Wall Street Journal, 95, 143

“war on terrorism,” 91-97

Ward, Michael D. (and David R. Davis), 217

Ward, Rodney, 241, 242

Washington, George, 11, 39, 144

Washington Post, 125, 143, 171, 199

White, Harry D., 50

Wieseltier, Leon, 143, 161, 163

Williams, Chris, 192, 194

Williams, William A., 79, 264n5

Wilson, Woodrow, 144, 177

Wolf, Martin, 278n21

Wolfe, Alan, 68, 69, 263n40

Wolfowitz, Paul, 92, 128, 131, 132, 133, 139, 140, 143, 146, 147, 149, 151, 161, 188

Woodward, Bob (of The Washington Post), 93, 125

Woolsey, James, 143, 165, 191, 194

World Bank, 1, 46, 50, 53, 54, 88

World War IV, 164-169

Wray, Randall, 211

Wurmser, David, 143, 160, 161

 

Zakheim, Dov, 130, 143, 161, 188